WIN! YOUR NAME ON A RED ARROWS JET
CLOSING DATE FRIDAY 2 DECEMBER 2016
More than a Century of History in the Air ®
ANOTHER MOSQUITO AIRBORNE
Inside a unique collection
• CONVAIR ‘POGO’ PILOT • DONALD TRUMP’S FAILED AIRLINE • ED MALONEY TRIBUTE
DATABASE POLIKARPOV Po-2
IN THE NEWS
COMBAT VETERAN ‘SPIT’ FLIES AGAIN
NOVEMBER 2016 £4.40 11 9 770143 724101
RESTORING HAWKER CLASSICS Aeropla a ne meets Guy Blacck
Vol 44, no 11 • Issue no 523
NEWS AND COMMENT 4
FROM THE EDITOR
NEWS • FHC Mosquito maiden ﬂight • Norwegian Starﬁghter airborne • Scottish DH Dragon ﬂies again • Early Spitﬁre IX takes to the air … and the month’s other top aircraft preservation news
HANGAR TALK Steve Slater’s monthly comment column on the historic aircraft world
Q&A Your questions asked and answered
AIRCREW Piloting Convair’s tricky XFY-1 tail-sitting vertical take-off ﬁghter, the infamous ‘Pogo’
EVENTS Reports from Hahnweide, Duxford and Zeltweg
106 NEXT MONTH
ED MALONEY Frank B. Mormillo pays a special tribute to this great pioneer of the warbird preservation movement
B-23 DRAGON The last ﬂying example of the Douglas bomber-turned-executive transport
ANSON ACCIDENT Remembering one of World War Two’s many long-forgotten training tragedies
FLYING BULLS SYCAMORE The return to ﬂight of a very historic British helicopter
DATABASE: POLIKARPOV U-2/Po-2 Polikarpov expert Mikhail Maslov provides an in-depth study of the training biplane that went to war
FLUGMUSEUM MESSERSCHMITT The unique Bavarian ‘ﬂying museum’ devoted to Willy Messerschmitt’s heritage
100 TRUMP SHUTTLE When Donald Trump tried to take on the major US airlines
MONACO SEAPLANE CONTEST Rare images of this 1912 event in the principality
YAK-3 Will Greenwood on owning, ﬂying and operating the potent Soviet ﬁghter
AEROPLANE MEETS… GUY BLACK Recoveries of rare aircraft from around the world have ﬁlled the aviation career of this engineering perfectionist
See page 14 for a great subscription offer
AEROPLANE NOVEMBER 2016
YOUR NAME ON A RED ARROWS JET See page 105
COVER IMAGE: Me 262A/B-1c D-IMTT of the Flugmuseum Messerschmitt. MARKUS ZINNER/BMLVS
Aeroplane traces its lineage back to the weekly The Aeroplane, founded by C. G. Grey in 1911 and published until 1968. It was re-launched as a monthly in 1973 by Richard T. Riding, editor for 25 years until 1998.
E D I TO R
wonder when the term ‘warbird’ was first heard in the UK to describe a preserved, airworthy historic aircraft? Certainly, it has its roots in the United States, where the 1940s and ’50s witnessed the first flowerings of the warbird movement as we now know it. Many individuals were involved, purchasing — for sums that seem tiny today — surplus ex-military aeroplanes, engines, spare parts and everything else necessary for their operation, and getting P-40s, P-51s, Corsairs and many other famous types back into the air. One of the key figures in all this was, of course, Edward T. Maloney. The founder of what is now the Planes of Fame Air Museum can rightfully be described as a pioneer. He was, in many ways, the American equivalent of Richard Shuttleworth — a far-sighted visionary who recognised early on the importance of keeping historic aircraft flying, and took steps to ensure just that. The scope of Planes of Fame’s own fleet, based at Chino, tells its own story. So too do airframes once in the hands of Ed and Planes of Fame but which were traded to other owners. Many of them would not otherwise have survived for future generations of enthusiasts to see. The recent passing of Ed Maloney marked, to use a well-worn cliché, the end of an era in aircraft preservation.
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He was one of the few remaining links to those post-war days — days so vital to the development of the burgeoning warbird scene we enjoy around the world. All the while he remained hugely interested and engaged, a key figure at Planes of Fame, and an inspiration to many. To mark Ed’s loss, we enlisted his old friend Frank B. Mormillo to write a tribute for this issue of Aeroplane — when the copy and photos arrived, we simply had to make more space. I hope you’ll agree that Frank has done Ed and his legacy proud. Elsewhere, there is more evidence that the movement spearheaded by the likes of Ed Maloney is in fine health. We report this month on a remarkable series of maiden post-restoration flights: another Mosquito, Europe’s only airworthy F-104 Starfighter, and a very interesting combat veteran Spitfire IX. But the efforts of those engaged in preserving civil historic aircraft must also be applauded, and in that context the beautiful de Havilland Dragon newly completed by Mike Souch and his team at MK Aviation/Aero Antiques, and just delivered to its owner in Scotland, stands out. What a marvellous example of the restorer’s art. Ben Dunnell
CONTRIBUTORS THIS MONTH
Mikhail M A S LOV
F ra n k B . M O R M I L LO
Ro b e r t M . ST I T T
Dr Andreas ZEITLER
Mikhail was born in Mary — then part of the USSR, now in Turkmenistan — in 1954. He graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute with a degree in mechanical engineering, and worked as a structural design engineer for Tupolev from 1982-86 before transferring to TsAGI’s engineering information department. From the late 1990s he became actively involved in the restoration of historic aircraft, including airworthy examples of the Po-2, I-15bis, I-153, I-16, DIT and MiG-3. Mikhail is also a leading author and authority on Soviet aviation history.
Frank B. Mormillo (he uses the middle initial because there are three other Frank Mormillos in his family) can’t remember a time when he was not fascinated by aircraft. He still recalls the memory of ﬁghters roaring overhead during post-WW2 Veterans Day parades, and while in high school he became involved with the Planes of Fame Air Museum. Mormillo began his career as a photojournalist during his college days, and has specialised in photographing aircraft, motor racing and military subjects ever since.
Following technical training with Hawker Siddeley, Robert worked for ﬁve years in the South-west Paciﬁc, developing a keen interest in aviation archaeology. Having moved to Canada, he joined the aerial ﬁreﬁghting industry, where he documented the ‘retired’ types employed. Other in-depth works followed, including a book on the B-17 with RAF Coastal Command. He is now writing the history of Canadian aerial survey pioneer Spartan Air Services. Robert is an active pilot and is restoring one of the Fleet Canucks on which he learned to ﬂy.
Says Andreas, “I have had the honour and pleasure to accompany the amazing collection of Messerschmitt aircraft at Manching for several years now. With strong support from the team, many photo opportunities have arisen during that time. Gaining an insight into the Flugmuseum Messerschmitt’s operations made me realise just how demanding a job it is to keep these precious pieces of aviation history airworthy. My article in Aeroplane this month is dedicated to their daily work on those amazing aircraft.”
AEROPLANE NOVEMBER 2016
NEWS EDITOR: TONY HARMSWORTH E-MAIL TO: [email protected]
TELEPHONE: +44 (0)7791 808044 WRITE TO: Aeroplane, Key Publishing Ltd, PO Box 100, Stamford, Lincolnshire PE9 1XQ, UK
FHC Mosquito airborne
Dave Phillips brings Mosquito TIII TV959/ZK-FHC in to land after its maiden ﬂight at Ardmore on 26 September. TONY SMITH
The Flying Heritage Collection’s de Havilland Mosquito TIII TV959/ZK-FHC made its ﬁrst post-restoration ﬂight on 26 September at Ardmore, New Zealand, ﬁve years after the aircraft had arrived in the Avspecs hangar for a rebuild to ﬂy. The former RAF trainer is
temporarily painted in the markings of a No 75 Squadron, Royal New Zealand Air Force Mosquito FBVI, NZ2337/YC-F, which was destroyed in a hangar ﬁre at Ohakea in June 1950. The aircraft will be repainted in an as yet undisclosed RAF scheme after it has been transported to the
The No 75 Squadron, RNZAF markings are temporary, and will be replaced after the Mosquito arrives in Seattle. GAVIN CONROY
FHC’s base at Paine Field, Seattle. On 29 September, Avspecs boss Warren Denholm said: “We have only ﬂown once so far, as the Auckland weather has not been co-operating, and I won’t be at all surprised if this past month is the wettest September on record. The current plan is to complete phase one of the test ﬂying here at Ardmore over the coming days, and then she will be dismantled and packed for shipment to Seattle.” The crew for the ﬁrst ﬂight comprised former RNZAF Douglas A-4 Skyhawk pilot Dave Phillips in the left-hand seat, and world-renowned display pilot Keith Skilling in the right. They will alternate positions as the test ﬂights progress. The same crew was on board the ﬁrst Avspecs Mosquito restoration, FB26 KA114/N114KA, for its maiden ﬂight on 29 September 2012.
That aeroplane is now operated by the Military Aviation Museum at Virginia Beach, Virginia. The two 1,460hp RollsRoyce Merlin engines installed in TV959 were rebuilt by Vintage V12s at Tehachapi, California, the propellers by Westpac Props in Colorado Springs, and the radiators and oil coolers by Replicore in Whangarei, New Zealand. Warren Denholm continues: “We are very proud that it has been less than four years since we ﬂew the ﬁrst example, and we should easily surpass that feat with the next one, which is due to ﬂy in 2018. Also, we have yet another example under way in the woodwork shop now. This fourth aircraft is available for purchase. Wouldn’t it be gre...