, "PHA TOM B IGADE" IN THE by EDGAR A. STIlT
PHANTOM BRIGADE"IN THEGOLF WAR
by EDGAR A. STITT
C opyright © 1991 by CONCORD PUBLICATIONS CO. 603-609 Castle Peak Road Ko ng Nam Industrial Building iO/F, B1, Tsuen Wan lew Territories, Hong Kong II ri g hts reserved. No part of - is publication may be reproduced, s-ored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any eans , e lectronic, mechanical,
FRONT COVER UPPER PHOTO: The victor and the vanquished. A Bradley sits beside a captured Iraqi BMP-1 as Apache helicopters fly over.
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the prior written permission of
A Type 69 Chinese built Iraqi tank abandoned by Iraqi forces retreating out of Kuwait. Note the 1OOmm shell to the right of the soldier inspecting the tank.
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Left side front view of an abandoned Iraqi T-72M.
LOWER RIGHT: A4th Bn ., 66th Armor M1A1 flying the American flag shortly after the Feb. 28 cease fire.
BACK COVER UPPER PHOTO:
unpublished photos for this series.
Line up of M1A1s during a range firing shortly before the beginnin;J of the war against Iraq.
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information you feel may be useful to
U.S. soldiers from the 3rd Bde., 3rd Inf. Div. inspect an abandoned Iraqi BMP-1 APC still in its revetment.
future volumes, please send them to us for possible future publication. Full photo credits will be given upon publication.
LOWER LEFT: An abandoned T-72M Iraqi main battle tank belonging to the f. edina Republican Guard Division. Note the vehicle's crew left in such haste . ey didn't even remove the main gun cover.
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M113A3 APC. View from right rear.
All photos in this book are U.S. Army photos by SS~': . Edgar A. Stitt unless otherwise stated.
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Schematic of 3rd Bde.,3rd Inf.Div. Operations in the Persian Gulf War \
Attack Feb.24 to Feb.28
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'; Movement from TAA to FAA
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SA U D I ARABIA ....
Introduction n Nov. 9,1990, the 3rd (Phantom) Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division, garrisoned in Aschaffenburg, Germany, was notified to prepare for deployment to Southwest Asia in support of Operation Desert Shield. The brigade would be attached to the 1st Armored Division, VII Corps, in order to provide the U.S. forces there with an offensive capability in the stand-off with Iraq. The deployment of an already forward deployed unit was not only unheard of, it was also unpracticed. A major requirement was for all M 1A 1 tank and M2A2/ M3A2 Bradley crews to rotate through gunnery training at the large American training area in Grafenwoehr, Germany. Although the brigade's combat vehicles were either being prepared for shipment or had already been shipped, the problem was solved by using tanks and Bradleys from other 1st Armored and 3rd Infantry Division units to fire gunnery tables with. The 3rd Brigade began its deployment to Saudi Arabia on Dec.14. By Dec. 28, the last 3rd Brigade units had arrived at the Intermediate Staging Area (nicknamed the Dew Drop Inn) near Jubayl. The threat of an Iraqi spoiling attack required the brigade to immediately deploy to tactical assembly area (TAA) Thompson in the Saudi desert. The first unit to arrive with all of its equipment was the 4th Battalion, 7th Infantry. However, the scarcity of heavy equipment transporters and the continuing requirement to get out into the desert resulted in the 1st Battalion, 7th Infantry road marching 380 kilometers to the TAA. Once in the TAA the 3rd Brigade continued the desert training they had begun in the ISA. This period of maneuver and gunnery training climaxed with a 150 kilometer full-up brigade movement to contact rehearsal. As the Jan.15, 1991 deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait neared, the fear of an Iraqi spoiling attack across the border increased. The 4th Battalion, 7th Infantry was attached to a task force which had the mission of counterattacking any Iraqi ventures across the border. At about 0200 hours (Saudi time), Jan.1?, the brigade's radio net crackled with the news of the launching of cruise missiles against Iraq and the beginning of the air offensive. The war had started. The brigade moved from the TAA to forward assembly area (FAA) Garcia in preparation for the ground campaign against Iraq. In his many talks with his commanders, staff and soldiers, the 3rd Brigade commander, Col. James C. Riley, emphasized the concept of "move, set, strike". The brigade had moved successfully from Germany to Saudi Arabia , they had set in the TAA and FAA. On Feb. 24 at 1600 hours, the brigade struck. They crossed the Saudi-Iraqi border and advanced on the Iraqi logistical center of AI Busayyah. After moving through the sporadic Iraqi defenses northward toward AI Busayyah, the 3rd Brigade received the order to attack east towards their main objective: Iraq's feared Republican Guard. The brigade was the lead brigade for the 1st Armored Division and the VII Corps. The brigade slammed into the Republican Guard like a sledgehammer. During the four day ground campaign, the brigade engaged the Iraqi 26th Infantry and 17th Armored Divisions as well as the Tawakalna, Adnan and Medina Republican Guard Divisions. The 3rd Brigade destroyed 105enemy tanks, 70 enemy armored personnel carriers, 64 enemy trucks and 4 enemy artillery pieces. The number of Iraqi soldiers killed was unknown,
but over 800 Iraqis chose to surrender to the 3rd Brigade. During the war the brigade suffered one soldier killed in action and thirty wounded in action. The cease-fire at 0800 hours (Saudi time), Feb.28 ended the conflict. Although it took some time to get the word out to the Iraqis that the war was over, no major incidents occurred after the cease-fire. The brigade rested for a few days before being ordered to move north into southern Iraq to assume control of highway 8 and freeway 1 and act as a security and stabilizing force in an area covering approximately 1ADO square miles. This mission quickly became one of humanitarian assistance due to the ongoing civil war in Iraq. The 3rd Brigade soldiers manning the checkpoints processed more than 115,000 civilian refugees, captured 3,86?lraqi soldiers and treated 700 critical medical cases where the potential for loss of life was great. The medical soldiers at one of the checkpoints even assisted in the delivery of two Iraqi babies. Additionally, the brigade destroyed several hundred tons of Iraqi ammunition before being relieved by the 3rd Armored Division and moving with the rest of the 1st Armored Division to the King Khalid Military City (KKMC) near Hafir al Batin, Saudi Arabia. The 3rd Brigade began its redeployment back to Germany on Apr. 28 with the last unit arriving May 4. 3RD BRIGADE ORGANIZATION The 3rd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division consisted of the following units: 4th Battalion, 7th Infantry; 1st Battalion, 7th Infantry;4th Battalion , 66th Armor; 26th Support Battalion; 2nd Battalion , 41 st Field Artillery The 3rd Brigade was attached to the 1st Armored Division (as the 1st Armored Division's 1st Brigade) for the duration of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. For the ground offensive against Iraq, the brigade was organized into three task forces consisting of the following major combat vehicles: TF 4th Bn" 7th Inf.: 14 M 1A 1s, 47 M2/M3A2 Bradleys TF 1st Bn., 7th Inf.: 14 M1A 1s, 48 M2/M3A2 Bradleys TF 4th Bn., 66th Armor: 46 M1A 1s, 16 M2/M3A2 Bradleys The 26th Spt. Bn. and the 2nd Bn. ,41st Field Artillery provided the brigade with logistical and artillery support throughout the operation . During the ground offensive, the 3rd Brigade had the 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry, 1st Armored Division, attached to provide reconnaissance capability. DEDICATION This book is dedicated to the memory of Specialist Clarence A. Cash, scout, 4th Battalion, 66th Armor, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division, killed in action, Feb.27, 1991, during offensive operations against the Iraqi Medina Republican Guard Division in southern Iraq. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The author wishes to thank the soldiers of the 3rd Infantry and 1st Armored Divisions whose bravery and dedication to our country made this book possible. SSgt. Chris Mulvey and Spec. Neil Blitstein developed most of the pictures in this book and I cannot thank them enough. My cOrl"lrades in the 3rd Infantry Division Public Affairs Office also provided any assistance I needed and I cannot thank them enough. Special thanks go to Michael Jerchel without whom this book would not have been possible. Finally, I thank my wife and son, Marion and Steven. Without their love and support I probably wouldn't have come back to write this book. EDGAR A. STITT
After arriving in Saudi Arabia, soldiers immediately began training . Here an infantryman from the 4th Bn ., 7th Inf., practices bayonet warfare.
There are two types of bayonet fighters . The quick and the dead . Infantrymen from the 4th Bn. , 7th In!. practice to ensure they are the quick shortly after their arrival in Saudi Arabia.
Soldiers setting up tents in the surprisingly cold and wet desert weather. Notice one soldier wearing a cold weather parka with hood while the other has full wet weather gear on.
Th ree female soldiers from the 26th Spt. Bn, with...