DK - The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Warfare. From Ancient Egypt to Iraq

DK - The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Warfare. From Ancient Egypt to Iraq - pdf za darmo

304 downloads 75616 Views 64MB Size

Recommend Stories


DK - The Encyclopedia of War. From Ancient Egypt to Iraq
WAR the encyclopedia of f r o m a n c i e n t e g y p t t o i r a q EDITORIAL CONSULTANT SAUL DAVID WAR - pdf za darmo

DK - Illustrated Encyclopedia of Birds
i l l u s t r a t e d e n c y c l o p e d i a o f I L L U S T R A T E D E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F I - pdf za darmo

The History of Weapons and Warfare - Ancient Egypt
ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 3 1833 04343 2951 the History of Weapons and Warfare ^jTwmTI EGYPT the History - pdf za darmo

Empire of Ancient Egypt
G R E AT E M P I R E S O F T H E PA S T EMPIRE OF ANCIENT EGYPT Revised Edition GEofP-AncientEgypt_FNL.indd - pdf za darmo

General Military - Concrete Hell Urban Warfare From Stalingrad to Iraq
CONCRETE HELL CONCRETE HELL URBANWARFARE FROM STALINGRADTO IRAQ LOUIS A. DIMARCO Concrete Hell is a masterful - pdf za darmo

The Royal Tombs of Ancient Egypt
THE ROYAL TOMBS OF ANCIENT EGYPT Book-Royal Tombs-NEW_234x156 12/07/2016 14:30 Page i To the memories - pdf za darmo

Going to War in Ancient Egypt (Armies of the Past)
Going to War in Ancient Egypt (Armies of the Past) - pdf za darmo

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare 21
I The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century EAPONSAND - pdf za darmo

Encyclopedia of Air Warfare
AIR WARFARE An International Encyclopedia AIR WARFARE An International Encyclopedia v o l u m e o n e - pdf za darmo

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare 19
The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century EAPONSAND ARFARE - pdf za darmo

Story Transcript


THE ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLOPEDIA OF

WARFARE

EDITOR IAL CON SU LTA N T

SA U L DAVI D

THE ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLOPEDIA OF

WARFARE P R EVIOU SLY P U B L I SH ED AS WAR

f r o m

a n c i e n t

e g y p t

t o

i r a q

LONDON, NEW YORK, MELBOURNE, MUNICH, AND DELHI

CONTENTS The Rise of Rome

30

Roman wars against the Samnites and

DORLING KINDERSLEY Senior Art Editor Gadi Farfour Designers Richard Horsford, Dean Morris Elizabeth O’Neill, Amy Orsborne Cartography Encompass Graphics Ltd, Paul Eames, Simon Mumford, David Roberts Picture Research Sarah and Roland Smithies Creative Retouching Miranda Benzies Creative Technical Support Adam Brackenbury, John Goldsmid Managing Art Editor Karen Self Art Director Bryn Walls

Senior Editor Alison Sturgeon Project Editors Tarda Davison-Aitkins Ferdie McDonald, Andrew Szudek Editor Patrick Newman Editorial Assistant Manisha Thakkar Production Editor Tony Phipps Production Controller Rita Sinha Managing Editors Camilla Hallinan and Debra Wolter US Editor Chuck Wills Associate Publisher Liz Wheeler Reference Publisher Jonathan Metcalf

TOUCAN BOOKS LTD. Senior Designer Mark Scribbins Designers Nick Avery, Phil Fitzgerald, Thomas Keenes Assistant Abigail Keen

Senior Editor Hannah Bowen Editors Natasha Kahn, Donald Sommerville Anna Southgate Managing Director Ellen Dupont

AMBER BOOKS Design Manager Mark Batley Designers Joe Conneally, Rick Fawcett Nicola Hibberd, Brian Rust Picture Research Terry Forshaw

Managing Editor James Bennett Editors Jacqueline Jackson, Cécile Landau Anne McDowall, Constance Novis Publishing Manager Charles Catton

EDITORIAL CONSULTANT Saul David

CONSULTANTS Lindsay Allen, Roger Collins, Adrian Gilbert (Directory), Richard Overy, David Parrott, Brendan Simms

CONTRIBUTORS R. G. Grant with Simon Adams and Michael Kerrigan

DIRECTORY CONTRIBUTORS Martin J. Dougherty, Michael E. Haskew, Hunter Keeter, Chris McNab, David Porter, Robert S. Rice

PHOTOGRAPHY Gary Ombler, Graham Rae First American Edition published as War in 2009 This edition published in 2012 in the United States by DK Publishing 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014 12 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 003-188500-April/12 Copyright © 2009, 2012 Dorling Kindersley Limited All rights reserved Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form, or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book. Published in Great Britain by Dorling Kindersley Limited. A CIP catalog record for this book is available from the Library of Congress. ISBN: 978-0-7566-9548-4 Printed and bound in China by Toppan (Shenzhen) Discover more at

www.dk.com

the Greek king Pyrrhus establish Roman domination of Italy by the 3rd century BCE.

The Punic Wars

32

Rome’s first ventures overseas. The titanic clashes between Rome and Carthage for control of the western Mediterranean.

WAR IN THE ANCIENT WORLD

The Gallic Wars

34

Julius Caesar’s successful—and profitable— campaigns in Gaul and his two military

3000 BCE—500 CE

10

expeditions to Britain.

Introduction and timeline

12

■ ASPECTS OF WAR: ENGINEERING

36

Wars in Sumer and Egypt

16

Roman Civil War

38

The earliest recorded wars are fought in

Rome is riven by power struggles between rival

Mesopotamia. The great empire of Sargon of

generals, notably the civil wars between Caesar

Akkade. The conquests of the Egyptian pharaohs.

and Pompey, then Octavian and Antony. Octavian emerges as victor and emperor.

Assyrian Conquests

18

The empire created by the Assyrians stretches

■ WITNESS TO WAR:

as far as Egypt. It falls to the Babylonians, who

A DISTANT POSTING

40

in turn are conquered by Achaemenid Persia.

The Roman Empire The Greco-Persian Wars

20

42

In the 1st and 2nd centuries CE the Roman

In the 5th century BCE, the Persian empire

empire enjoys political stability, but wars

makes two attempts to conquer Greece. The

continue, especially along its eastern borders.

Greek city-states unite to thwart the invasions.

The Late Roman Empire The Peloponnesian War

22

46

The wars that lead to the fall of the Roman

Complex conflict between Athens and its allies

empire in the West. Incursions by Huns,

and the Spartan-led Peloponnesian League.

Goths, and Vandals.

The defeat of Athens and its eclipse as the

The Warring States Period

dominant power in Greece.

48

Rival feudal states vie for domination of China.

Conquests of Alexander

24

The spectacular campaigns of Alexander the

In the 3rd century BCE victory goes to the “First Emperor” Qin Shi Huangdi.

Great of Macedon. He subdues opposition in Greece, then carves out a vast empire stretching

The Three Kingdoms

from Egypt to northern India.

Fragmentation of China in the 3rd century CE

50

following the collapse of the Han dynasty.

■ KEY BATTLE: ISSUS

26

Alexander’s Successors

28

■ GALLERY: HELMETS

52

The wars between Alexander’s generals to

The Mauryan Empire

54

decide who will inherit his empire. The spoils

Chandragupta founds a north Indian empire.

are divided between three major dynasties.

His descendant Ashoka renounces war.

O WITNESS TO WAR:

78

O GALLERY: SWORDS

104

WARRIOR SAINT

WAR IN THE MEDIEVAL WORLD 500—1500

80

106

are thwarted by the Korean navy under Yi Sun-sin.

The terminal decline of the Byzantium,

The power struggle between the Minamoto

successor to the Roman empire. The fall of

O WITNESS TO WAR:

and Taira clans in 12th-century Japan.

Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.

SAMURAI ARMORER

Mongol Invasions

128

Japan’s attempts to invade Korea in the 1590s

The End of the Byzantine Empire Japan’s Gempei Wars

Korea Resists Invasion

Manchu Conquests

82

The vast empire created by Genghis Khan and

Fall of the Ming dynasty and conquest of China

his successors. Settled city-dwellers have no

by Manchu from the north in the 17th century.

130

132

answer to the fast-moving Mongol horsemen.

French Wars of Religion The Wars of Kublai Khan 56

86

134

The civil war between French Protestants and

Genghis Khan’s grandson completes the

Catholics, sustained by political power struggles.

conquest of China, founding the Yuan dynasty.

Introduction and timeline The Rise of Byzantium

58 62

The Dutch Revolt

Further attempts at expansion end in failure.

The Conquests of Timur

The reconquest of North Africa and Italy under

The conquests and short-lived empire of

Justinian in the 6th century and the victories

Timur, the self-styled “Scourge of God.”

88

of Heraclius over the Sasanid Persians.

Guelphs and Ghibellines The Ascent of Islam

64

and 13th centuries, from the wars of Frederick

the first century after the founding of Islam.

Barbarossa to the War of the Sicilian Vespers.

68

O ASPECTS OF WAR:

92

and the rise of the Carolingian dynasty.

Crusades in Europe Viking Raids and the Norman Conquest

70

The voyages and raids of the Scandinavian

The Rise of the Turks

72

The First Crusades The capture of Jerusalem in 1099 and the

110

called off following defeat of the Armada.

The Italian Wars

114

The Thirty Years War

140

Naval battles between England and Spain in the

French invasions of Italy lead to a personal

Multi-sided conflict rooted in religious differences

struggle between Francis I of France and

and opposition to Habsburg domination. The

Emperor Charles V for dominance in Europe.

fighting devastates Germany and Central Europe.

142

O KEY BATTLE: FIRST BREITENFELD

144

Spain gains a vast empire through its defeats

The British Civil Wars

146

of the Aztecs in Mexico and the Incas in Peru.

Parliamentarians defeat Royalist supporters

116

96

of Charles I in England, Scotland, and Ireland.

Confused conflict in which Scotland managed

Mogul Conquests

to assert its independence from England in

The initial conquests of Babur, followed by the

The Anglo-Dutch Wars

the 14th century.

tireless campaigns of Akbar, establish Mogul

Three naval wars are fought for control of

rule across most of India.

shipping and trade through the English Channel.

120 148

98

The long series of wars in Spain and Portugal

Ottoman Expansion

that finally drove out the Muslim rulers

Further Ottoman conquests under Suleiman

A series of expansionist wars fought by France,

from the Iberian Peninsula in 1492.

the Magnificent and his heirs. Expansion is

chiefly on the country’s eastern borders.

foundation of the crusader kingdoms.

122

The Early Wars of Louis XIV

152

finally halted in the late 17th century.

O KEY BATTLE: CRÉCY Expulsion of the Crusaders from the Holy Land

Introduction and timeline

against the pagan peoples of the Baltic region.

The Spanish Reconquista 74

108

Spanish Conquests in the New World

rulers assert their independence, in particular the Ghaznavids and the Seljuks.

The Anglo-Spanish War

1500—1750

in France and the Hussites in Bohemia—and

Crusades against heretics—the Albigensians

Anglo-Scottish Wars

The Turkish tribal warriors employed by Islamic

The rapid rise of Dutch sea power.

94

Vikings from the 8th century and the rise of the Normans as a major European power.

for 80 years to win independence from Spain.

late 16th century. A Spanish invasion attempt is

MERCENARIES

Battles of Charles Martel, Pepin, and Charlemagne,

EARLY MODERN WARFARE

The struggles for control of Italy in the 12th

The great wave of conquests by the Arabs in

Frankish Expansion

90

138

The United Provinces of the Netherlands fight

The Hundred Years War

The War of the Spanish Succession

100

76

O KEY BATTLE: LEPANTO

124 126

102

154

Dynastic accident threatens to give Louis XIV control of Spain. A powerful alliance of other

Loss of Jerusalem to Saladin. Later crusades fail

Sporadic outbreaks of war in the 14th and

Wars of the Sengoku Era

to win back lost te...

Life Enjoy

When life gives you a hundred reasons to cry, show life that you have a thousand reasons to smile

Get in touch

Social

© Copyright 2016 - 2019 AZPDF.PL - All rights reserved.